Massachusetts is one of the original 13 states (6th) of the Union (February 6, 1788). Boston, the capital of Massachusetts since its founding, dates from 1630.
Motto: Ense Petit Placidam Sub Libertate Quietem (Translation: By the Sword We Seek Peace, But Peace Only Under Liberty)
Nickname: The BAY STATE or the OLD BAY STATE is the nickname most commonly attached to Massachusetts. She is also occasionally referred to as the Old Colony State, the Puritan State, and the Baked Bean State.
Population: (2010 Census) 6,547,629 total.
Chief Cities with Populations:
Boston - 617,594
Brockton - 93,810
Worcester - 181,045
New Bedford - 95,072
Springfield - 153,060
Fall River - 88,857
Lowell - 106,519
Lynn - 90,329
Cambridge - 105,162
Quincy - 92,271
Area: 8,257 sq. miles
Largest body of water: Quabbin Reservoir (39 sq. miles)
Longest river: Charles River (80 miles)
Highest elevation: Mt. Greylock (3,491)
Lowest elevation: Atlantic Ocean (sea level)
Number of state parks: 107
Largest state park: October Mtn. State Forest, Lee (16,300 acres)
Number of national historical parks, seashores, & historic sites: 12
Largest national area: Cape Cod National Seashore (43,500 sq. acres)
(fiscal year ending June 30, 2010) *From "The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Information Statement Supplement, Dated September 12, 201"
Total Budgeted expenditures and other uses: $31,194,400,000
Total budgeted revenues and other uses: $31,080,800,000
Governor: Deval Patrick
Lieutenant Governor: Tim Murray
Secretary of the Commonwealth: William Francis Galvin
Treasurer and Receiver General: Steven Grossman
Attorney General: Martha Coakley
Auditor: Suzanne M. Bump
Official Name: General Court
Senate: 40 members elected every two years
Representatives: 160 members elected every two years
Supreme Judicial Court: Chief Justice Roderick L. Ireland and six Associate Justices. All are appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Executive Council.