Massachusetts Facts

A Profile of Massachusetts

Massachusetts is one of the original 13 states (6th) of the Union (February 6, 1788). Boston, the capital of Massachusetts since its founding, dates from 1630.

Capital: Boston

Motto: Ense Petit Placidam Sub Libertate Quietem (Translation: By the Sword We Seek Peace, But Peace Only Under Liberty)

Nickname: The BAY STATE or the OLD BAY STATE is the nickname most commonly attached to Massachusetts. She is also occasionally referred to as the Old Colony State, the Puritan State, and the Baked Bean State.

Population: (2010 Census) 6,547,629 total

Chief Cities

Population

Boston

617,594

Worcester

181,045

Springfield

153,060

Lowell

106,519

Cambridge

105,162

New Bedford

95,072

Brockton

93,810

Quincy

92,271

Lynn

90,329

Fall River

88,857

Geography

Area: 8,257 sq. miles

Largest body of water: Quabbin Reservoir (39 sq. miles)

Longest river: Charles River (80 miles)

Highest elevation: Mt. Greylock (3,491)

Lowest elevation: Atlantic Ocean (sea level)

Number of state parks: 107

Largest state park: October Mtn. State Forest, Lee (16,300 acres)

Number of national historical parks, seashores, & historic sites: 12

Largest national area: Cape Cod National Seashore (43,500 sq. acres)

Finance

From “The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Governor’s Budget Executive Summary Financial Statements - Financial Statement for the fiscal year from July 1, 2014, through June 30, 2015

Total Budgeted expenditures: $36,323,300,000

Total budgeted revenues: $36,443,600,000

Government

Constitutional Officers:

Governor: Charles D. Baker

Lieutenant Governor: Karyn E. Polito

Secretary of the Commonwealth: William Francis Galvin

Attorney General: Maura Healey

Treasurer and Receiver General: Deborah Goldberg

Auditor: Suzanne M. Bump

Legislature:

Official Name: General Court

Senate: 40 members elected every two years

Representatives: 160 members elected every two years

Highest Court:

Supreme Judicial Court: Chief Justice Ralph D. Gants and six Associate Justices. All are appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Executive Council.