Records of the Governor & Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England

The Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England received a royal charter in England, Mar. 1629. They sat as a General Court, from 1630 serving in the Massachusetts Bay colony as the governing body (along with an executive Council), until the revocation of the charter and imposition of a crown-appointed governor and council in 1686. Series constitutes their proceedings.

Also included are lists of freemen, correspondence, and other documents. --Proceedings include company records (1629-1630) and colony records (1630-1686). General Court proceedings are of freemen (elected deputies from 1634) meeting with governor, deputy governor, and assistants elected by them or of the latter parties meeting alone. (Certain records, 1629-1641, are designated as those of the Court of Assistants--for 1641-1644 see note above--though from 1634 legislative powers were ceded to the General Court as a whole, and by 1644 the term was reserved for assistants serving in a judicial capacity only.) House of Deputies proceedings are of deputies meeting separately, done in addition to jointly with assistants from 1644; records after 1657 are lost.

The original seventeenth-century manuscript records have been transcribed and published as:

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, ed., Records of the Governor & Company of the Massachusetts bay in New England, 5 vols., (Boston: William White, 1853-1854)